Appendix - Definitions and Procedures
A 1. Definitions of Infractions
This section lists examples of actions and intentions that are considered infractions of academic integrity for both students and faculty.
Examples of cheating, fraud, deceit, or dishonesty in an academic assignment include, but are not limited to, the following:
- The use or attempted use of materials that are prohibited or that have been declared inappropriate in the context of the exam or academic assignment in question;
- Giving assistance to anyone doing so, or aiming to do so;
- The collaboration on an exam or assignment of any kind without prior consent from the instructor. This includes copying the work of others who may or may not be aware of this.
Examples of plagiarism, the use of another person’s intellectual property without correct acknowledgement, include, but are not limited to, the following:
- The use of someone else’s written work, even if changes are made, without proper acknowledgement or without correctly indicating the copied material;
- The use of someone else’s ideas without proper acknowledgement;
- The borrowing of all or part of someone else’s work, or the use of someone else’s outline in individual work;
- The use of a paper writing service;
- The use of material downloaded from the internet without acknowledgement of the source.
Examples of tampering with academic work include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Plagiarism (use of someone else's intellectual property without proper acknowledgement);
- Cheating (dishonesty in an academic assignment. See above and Section A.4 for definition);
- The submission of work for credit for which credit has previously been obtained at Jacobs University Bremen or any other institution without prior consent from the instructor;
- The acquisition or distribution of confidential academic material, i.e. exams, without prior consent from the instructor.
- The impersonation of another student in an examination, or the submission of work in someone else’s name.
Examples of disruption of the academic environment include, but are not limited to, the following:
- The disruption of any university activities such as teaching, research, studying or administrative work;
- The removal or defacement of shared materials that are required by other students for academic work;
- The sabotage or theft of another person’s academic work;
- The act of providing an instructor or University official with false information;
- The submission of official documents to the University that have been forged, falsified, or altered;
- The unauthorized access to or alteration of University records;
- The commercial use of any university material or property without explicit permission.
Infractions Specific to Faculty:
Examples of infractions that are specific to members of the faculty include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Neglecting to define for students expectations regarding academic integrity and academic performance in a course or research project;
- Bias regarding students or favoritism;
- Failure to respond with the minimum mandatory sanction in the event of academic dishonesty.
For scientific work at Jacobs University Bremen, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft's "Proposals for Safeguarding Good Scientific Practice" and the Max Planck Society's "Regeln zur Sicherung guter wissenschaftlicher Praxis" (translated as "Rules for Safeguarding Good Scientific Practice") are part of this code.
These rules specifically prohibit the submission of work containing knowingly false statements, facts, or references.
A2. Details of the Procedure
- In the first month of each academic year, the three student members of the Academic Integrity Committee and their three substitutes or deputy student members are elected by the student body. Likewise, the three faculty members and their three substitutes or deputy faculty members are elected in a joint faculty meeting of all schools. The members of the Committee then elect the chairperson. For the academic year 2002-2003, the chairperson of the Academic Integrity Committee will be a member of faculty. All Committee members' terms in office end with the election of a new Committee.
- No students who are on academic probation may be members of the Academic Integrity Committee.
- Members of the Academic Integrity Committee may not serve in committee sessions in which they are involved as a party to the argument. If during the course of a proceeding a member becomes involved, that member must recuse herself or himself and be replaced by a deputy member.
- The sequence in which deputy members serve is determined by the number of votes received in the election of members. In case of a tie in the election of members, the sequence will be determined by lot.